KILLER NURSES: 20 Caregivers Who Murdered Their Sufferers


By Jim Goad
Up to date January 14, 2020

Lainz Angels of Loss of life, L-R: Irene Leidolf, Waltraud Wagner, Stephaniha Mayer and Maria Gruber. (Vienna Police Inspectorate)

Think about the horror of spending your final moments realizing that the one that is entrusted to save lots of your life is definitely the one who’s taking it.


A 2006 research discovered that nurses account for 86% of all murders by healthcare employees.


Psychologists say they do it for a sense of psychological energy, for materials achieve, as a result of they really feel they’re performing a public service by disposing of somebody they’ve tagged as “evil,” or just because they get a thrill out of killing folks.


What makes such murders particularly irritating is that they’re so arduous to hint; on the physique counts beneath, have a look at the distinction between confirmed victims—that are ones that had been decided in a court docket of legislation to have been murdered based mostly on proof—and people the killers are solely suspected of slaying. With these 20 murderers alone, there are no less than 1,000 victims whose relations won’t ever be certain how or why they died.


By Jim Goad
Up to date January 14, 2020

Lainz Angels of Loss of life, L-R: Irene Leidolf, Waltraud Wagner, Stephaniha Mayer and Maria Gruber. (Vienna Police Inspectorate)

1. GENENE JONES: ‘I Didn’t Kill The Infants; The Voices In My Head Did’

Genene Jones. (Texas Division of Corrections)

Confirmed # of Victims: 1
Suspected # of Victims: 60

A hypersexual (though sexually unappealing) adopted “black sheep” of her household, this Texas pediatric nurse was repeatedly noticed within the 1970s and early 1980s doing super-strange issues comparable to utilizing a saline syringe to “squirt” the signal of the cross over herself and the infants in her care, singing to toddler corpses whereas getting ready them for the morgue, and even ripping an toddler’s cadaver out of its guardian’s arms after which operating to the morgue with it herself.

Like many such “Angels of Loss of life,” Jones appeared to get a psychological rush out of injecting her prey with one thing dangerous—in her case it was succinylcholine—after which storming in to “rescue” them on the final minute, gaining plaudits and admiration within the course of.

Even after being caught as a serial assassin, she evaded accountability: “I didn’t kill the infants; the voices in my head did.”

2. JANE TOPPAN: Received A Sexual Thrill Out Of Climbing Into Mattress With Sufferers As They Died

Confirmed # of Victims: 31

Jane Toppan. (Wikimedia Commons)

Known as “Jolly Jane” for an allegedly amiable demeanor—no less than when she wasn’t murdering folks, that’s—Toppan was born “Honora Kelley” in 1854 to an abusive and demented father who was rumored to have as soon as sewn his personal eyelids shut. Jane as soon as acknowledged that her life’s mission was to have “killed extra folks—helpless folks—than another man or lady who ever lived.”

Toppan not solely used a do-it-yourself poison to kill medical sufferers, although—she additionally poisoned her foster-sister and multiple of her landlords. After her 1901 arrest, an article in Indiana’s Hoosier State Chronicles claimed that she overtly instructed investigators that she skilled a sexual thrill from watching sufferers come near loss of life, get revived, after which slip again into everlasting loss of life. She additionally stated she would climb into mattress with sufferers whereas they died, fondle them, and stare into their eyes in an try to learn their souls.

three. ORVILLE LYNN MAJORS: Murdered Sufferers He Thought Had been Demanding Or Whiny

Orville Lynn Majors. (Indiana Division of Corrections)

Confirmed # of Victims: 6
Suspected # of Victims: 130

For those who’ve ever labored a job within the service trade, you might be effectively conscious of how thoughtless and annoying some shoppers may be. In a high-stress setting comparable to a hospital, the place individuals are on the verge of loss of life and aren’t positive they’ll get up within the morning, it will probably solely multiply the annoyance.

Nevertheless, not everybody who will get irritated turns right into a assassin.

Working out of the identical Indiana hospital from 1993 and 1995, Majors—who claims to be associated to 1970s TV star Lee Majors—allegedly instructed people who he hated aged folks and that they “needs to be gassed.” He was convicted of six murders and suspected of as much as 130, a lot of which had been achieved through injections of potassium chloride. Rumors unfold that he solely attacked sufferers whom he felt had been whiny, demanding, or an pointless ache within the ass.

An investigation by Indiana State Police revealed that sufferers had been 42 instances extra prone to die whereas Majors was working than when he wasn’t. A presiding choose at his homicide case framed his crimes as “diabolical acts” and “a parallel of evil at its most depraved.”

four. NIELS HOGEL: He Was Bored And Needed To Present Off

Confirmed # of Victims: 85
Suspected # of Victims: 300

Prosecutors alleged that this German serial killer administered completely different fatally potential medication to sufferers as a result of he was bored and wished to point out off his expertise on the artwork of resuscitation.

It’s estimated that he was profitable in two-thirds of the instances.

Hogel was initially convicted and sentenced to life for six murders, then for 85. In 2017 prosecutors stated he was accountable for murdering 106 sufferers; he confessed at trial a yr later to 43 of these murderers, claiming with a presumably bored and affected air that he couldn’t keep in mind whether or not he’d killed the remaining.

Donald Harvey. (Ohio Division of Corrections)

5. DONALD HARVEY: Killed Sufferers, Roommates, Neighbors, and Lovers

Confirmed # of Victims: 36
Suspected # of Victims: 87

A self-described “Angel of Loss of life,” Harvey claimed that beginning at age 18 in 1970, he killed 87 folks. Most had been hospital sufferers within the Cincinnati space, however the orderly additionally claimed to have killed neighbors, roommates, and lovers.

He killed victims by smothering them with pillows; by injecting them with arsenic or cyanide; by turning off their ventilators; and even by introducing fluid of their bloodstream that was tainted with hepatitis and HIV. He finally pled responsible to 37 murders.

In March 2017, Harvey was discovered overwhelmed to loss of life in his cell.

6. RICHARD ANGELO: Honor Scholar Who Needed To Be Seen As A Hero

Confirmed # of Victims: four
Suspected # of Victims: 25

This doughy, bearded, bespectacled shlub was an evening nurse on the paradoxically named Good Samaritan Hospital.

It’s ironic exactly as a result of Angelo was yet one more killer nurse whose mind flooded with dopamine every time he would put a affected person in hurt’s means after which magically present as much as “rescue” them—there could be no want for such valiant acts of public goodness if Angelo hadn’t created the deadly dilemma within the first place.

He was arrested late in 1987 when one affected person skilled a drastically unfavourable response after Angelo had slipped an unspecified drug into his IV line and instructed him, “I’m going to make you’re feeling higher.”

It was concluded that Angelo had poisoned 35 sufferers, ten of whom died, in seven months of working on the hospital. He later claimed that he was motivated by a deep must be seen as a hero.

7. CHARLES CULLEN: Possibly The Most Prolific Serial Killer In World Historical past

Charles Cullen. (New Jersey Division of Corrections)Confirmed # of Victims: 29
Suspected # of Victims: 400

With a lifelong historical past of psychological sickness—he tried to kill himself at age 9 by chugging down some chemical compounds from his chemistry set—Cullen was an ideal candidate to turn into a serial killer.

Even though sufferers saved dying in mysteriously massive numbers wherever he discovered employment, Cullen was working throughout a nursing scarcity within the 1980s and 1990s that enabled him to maintain getting jobs.

In 2000, close to the tail finish of his 16-year killing spree, he once more tried suicide by lighting a charcoal grill in his bathtub and hoping to perish from the fumes.

As a substitute, he was convicted of 29 murders. Investigators suspect him of being accountable for as much as 400 slayings, which might make him essentially the most prolific serial killer in world historical past.

eight. KRISTEN GILBERT: She Needed To Impress Her Boyfriend

Kristin Gilbert. (Texas Division of Corrections)Confirmed # of Victims: four
Suspected # of Victims: 80+

This Massachusetts nurse, whose youth was pockmarked with suicide makes an attempt and violence, was convicted of 4 murders and two tried murders through purposely injecting sufferers with monster doses of the center stimulant epinephrine.

Federal legislation dictates that Veterans Administration law enforcement officials want to point out up throughout all emergency conditions, and it was speculated that Gilbert’s main motivation for injecting after which reviving sufferers was in order that her boyfriend—a VA officer—would hold displaying up and be endlessly impressed with Kristen’s heroism.

When coworkers turned suspicious about Gilbert and an investigation was launched, she phoned in a bomb risk to the hospital in an try to distract everybody.

Later that yr, she checked herself into psychiatric services on seven separate events.

At her trial, prosecutors stated she not solely used injections as a weapon—she as soon as attacked somebody with a big kitchen knife and likewise poured scalding water on a mentally handicapped youngster. She was convicted in 2001 on three counts of first-degree homicide.


Confirmed # of Victims: four
Suspected # of Victims: 131

Working in Rio de Janeiro within the 1990s, Guimaraes, AKA “The Nurse of Loss of life,” was lastly arrested in 1999 after one other hospital employee say him inject a comatose affected person with potassium chloride, whereupon the affected person instantly died.

He wound up confessing to 5 murders and was convicted of 4, all whereas claiming that his motives had been pure:

I don’t remorse what I did. I did it to these in irreversible comas and whose households had been struggling….The oxygen masks was taken away, sure. There have been 5 sufferers that this occurred to….I selected the sufferers I noticed struggling, usually sufferers with AIDS, sufferers who had been virtually terminal. I’m in peace as a result of the sufferers had been in a coma and had no means of recovering.

Nevertheless, a much less pure attainable motive is that on the time, he was awarded $60 each time he knowledgeable native funeral houses affected person had died in order that they may contact the surviving family members and, after all, revenue from the loss of life.

10. LAINZ ANGELS OF DEATH: Drowned Sufferers In Their Hospital Beds

Confirmed # of Victims: 48
Suspected # of Victims: 200

This quartet of Austrian nurses confessed to murdering 48 aged sufferers all through the 80s by surrounding them, getting one nurse to pinch their nostril shut, and having one other nurse drive water down their throat, flooding the affected person’s lungs and killing them. This was their main MO, though they had been additionally recognized to shoot up sufferers with overdoses of morphine.

They had been lastly apprehended after killing an estimated 200 folks. After about 20 years in jail, although, all 4 of them had been launched for good conduct, which enraged a big chunk of the Austrian public.

11. KIMBERLY CLARK SAENZ: Injected Bleach Into Victims’ Dialysis Strains

Kimberly Clark Saenz. (Angelina County Jail)

Confirmed # of Victims: 5

This employee at a Texas dialysis middle was discovered responsible in 2012 of injuring 5 sufferers and murdering 5 extra by purposely injecting bleach into their dialysis strains. At her sentencing, one of many victims’ daughters instructed her, “You’re nothing greater than a psychopathic serial killer. I hope you burn in hell.”

12. ELIZABETH WETTLAUFER: Blamed God (Or The Satan)

Confirmed # of Victims: eight

Working from 2007-2016 in Ontario, Canada, Wettlaufer confessed that she “knew the distinction between proper and mistaken” however was tempted by uncontrollable “surges” compelling her to kill. Relating to one of many eight aged sufferers she murdered with deadly insulin doses, she blamed “God or the satan or no matter” for making her do it. She additionally known as that when she heard her personal laughter after committing the homicide, “it was like a cackling from the pit of hell.”

At her sentencing, the choose stated, “She was not an angel of mercy; she was the shadow of loss of life that handed over them on the night time shift the place she supervised.”

13. ANDERS HANNSON: 15 Years Of Psychiatric Therapy For Killing 15 Individuals

Confirmed # of Victims: 15
Suspected # of Victims: 27

This Swedish nurse’s aide was convicted of 15 of the 27 poisoning deaths that occurred on his watch from October 1978 to January 1979. In August of 1979, he was sentenced to closed psychiatric remedy. He was launched in 1994.

14. SONYA CALEFFI: Injected Air Into Victims’ Bloodstreams

Confirmed # of Victims: 5
Suspected # of Victims: 15-18

Even individuals who aren’t nurses know that you just shouldn’t inject air into somebody’s bloodstream—it’s prone to trigger a deadly embolism. No less than eight of her estimated 15-18 victims had been killed this manner; the others had been poisoned.

In 2002, Caleffi tried suicide by driving her automobile right into a wall. She tried killing herself three extra instances over the following two years—all within the midst of killing her sufferers.

15. LUDIVINE CHAMBET: ‘The Poisoner Of Chambéry’

Ludivine Chamber. (Paris Police Prefecture)

Confirmed # of Victims: 10

This unlicensed French nurse’s aide was reported to have crumbled psychologically after her mom died of leukemia. However quite than understanding her agony constructively, she poisoned 13 aged nursing-home sufferers between 2012 and 2013, killing 10 of them.

Whereas acknowledging that her life had been traumatic, a choose cautioned folks to not really feel sorry for the killer:

Ludivine Chambet is harmful, even together with her little girlish methods. The horror of the case is indeniable. These are serial murders. Nevertheless, the psychiatrists consider that the emotionless air of Ludivine Chambet didn’t reveal a murderous nature on this lady, however, on the contrary, the fragility and psychic immaturity of her thoughts.

16. PETR ZELENKA: Deadly Injections Of Blood Thinners

Confirmed # of Victims: 7
Suspected # of Victims: 21

In accordance with his lawyer, this killer nurse from the Czech Republic had a novel MO: He would inject sufferers with the blood thinner heparin merely to “check” how conscious and proficient the docs on name would show to be.

Properly, in no less than seven instances, they had been fatally “inefficient.”

We was convicted of murdering seven folks and making an attempt to kill 10 others throughout a spree lasting from Could to Septmber 2006. He’s presently serving a life sentence.

17. CHRISTINE MALEVRE: The Public Noticed Her As An Angel Of Mercy

Confirmed # of Victims: 6
Suspected # of Victims: 30

Though this French nurse claimed that she was solely an Angel of Mercy who killed terminally ailing sufferers who’d begged her to place them out of their distress, a lot of her victims’ households claimed this was a lie.

Nonetheless, after her 1998 apprehension, many members of the French public believed her alibi, and she or he reportedly acquired over 5,000 letters of assist.

However seeing as how that is France and never, say, Texas, she was solely sentenced to 12 years in jail for killing six folks.

18. AMY ARCHER-GILLIGAN: Proprietor Of The ‘Homicide Manufacturing facility’

Amy Archer-Gilligan. (Wikimedia)

Confirmed # of Victims: 1
Suspected # of Victims: 48+

Because the proprietress of Sister Amy’s Nursing Residence for the Aged in Connecticut, Ms. Archer-Gilligan aroused suspicions when it turned out that not solely did 48 residents die on the residence between 1911 and 1916, however a lot of them had coincidentally willed her massive sums of cash shortly earlier than dying.

Exhumations concluded that no less than three of her boarders, in addition to her ex-husband, had died from arsenic poisoning. When a number of witnesses testified that Archer-Gilligan usually despatched them to buy extra arsenic “to kill the rats,” the image turned clearer: She was operating a “Homicide Manufacturing facility” for revenue.

She was discovered not responsible by purpose of madness and eventually died in 1962 whereas confined in a psychological hospital.

19. MARIE FICACKOVA: Suffered Irrational Hatred Of Youngsters Throughout Menstruation, Violently Murdered Them

Confirmed # of Victims: 2
Suspected # of Victims: 10+

Regardless of the comparatively low physique depend, Fikáčková is definitely one of many nastiest specimens on this listing merely for the truth that she violently murdered infants together with her personal arms. Working in Czechoslovakia from 1957 to 1960, she in the end confessed to the murders of two/23/1960 of feminine infants, one aged 5 weeks and the opposite a mere 20 hours. She says she cracked each of their skulls and broke one in every of their arms. She confessed to attacking no less than 10 different infants however declare all of them survived. She tried explaining that she suffered from paedophobia—an irrational hatred of youngsters—which was exacerbated whereas she was menstruating. In such instances, the mere sound of a kid crying was sufficient to ship her right into a murderous rage. She was executed by hanging in 1961.

20. FELICITAS SANCHEZ AGUILLON: ‘The Human Crusher Of Little Angels’

Confirmed # of Victims: 1
Suspected # of Victims: 50+

Variously kn personal as “The Ogress of Colonia Roma,” “The Feminine Ripper of Colonia Roma,” and “The Human Crusher of Little Angels,” the Mexican-born Aguillón made a behavior of poisoning canines whereas she was nonetheless a baby. As an grownup, she operated as a child farmer, midwife, and nurse from 1930 to 1941. She killed an estimated 50 infants by poisoning or strangulation, dismembering their corpses and both incinerating them or tossing their stays in an area sewer. She dedicated suicide by purposely overdosing on treatment. TC mark

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